Type and function of the hottest spring

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Types and functions of springs

1 spring classification

there are many kinds of springs. According to the nature of the load they bear, springs are mainly divided into four kinds: tension spring, compression spring, torsion spring and bending spring. According to the shape of the spring, it can be divided into spiral spring, dish spring, ring spring, plate spring, coil spring, etc. The basic types of various springs are listed in the table

spiral torsion spring is the most commonly used kind of torsion spring. Coil spring has the characteristics of large number of turns, large deformation and large energy storage. It is mostly used for pressing and the power device of instruments and clocks. The plate spring can bear large bending action, and is often used in occasions where the size in the loading direction is limited and the deformation is large. Plate springs are widely used in the suspension devices of automobiles, tractors and railway vehicles because they have the vibration elimination ability to maximize economic and social benefits in some advanced basic materials, key strategic materials, cutting-edge new materials and other fields. The physical drawings of various types of springs are given below

2 spring function

spring is an elastic material that works through its own large elastic deformation. Change the parking and maintenance of the experimental machine: maintenance components should be carried out for the disabled and sealed machinery. It is widely used in all kinds of machines. Its main functions are:

1) to control the movement of machinery, such as the spring in the internal combustion engine that controls the opening and closing of cylinder valves, and the control spring in the clutch (see figure a)

2) absorb vibration and impact energy, such as damping springs in various vehicles (see Figure b) and springs of various buffers

3) store and release energy, such as clock spring (see Figure C), bolt spring, etc

4) measure the force, such as the spring scale (see Figure d) and the spring in the dynamometer


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