The export of ships at the hottest Jiangsu port in

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According to the statistics of Nanjing Customs, Jiangsu ports exported a total of 2.73 billion US dollars of all kinds of ships in 2007, an increase of 41.4% over 2006. Last year, Jiangsu port ship exports showed the following main characteristics:

mainly processing trade exports. In 2007, Jiangsu ports exported 2.64 billion US dollars of ships in the form of processing trade, an increase of 43.8%, accounting for 96.7% of the total ship exports of Jiangsu ports. It is mainly exported to the European Union, Liberia and Singapore. In 2007, Jiangsu ports exported US $930million, US $390million and US $350million to the above regions and countries respectively, accounting for 61.2% of the total ship exports of Jiangsu ports. Among them, the export of ships to the European Union and Liberia increased by 74% and 65.5% respectively, and the export of ships to Singapore decreased by 23.6%. Motorized container ships, refined oil tankers and motorized bulk carriers are the main types of exports. In 2007, Jiangsu ports exported the above three kinds of ships worth 950 million US dollars, 800 million US dollars and 600 million US dollars respectively, with an increase of 34.8%, 1.1 times and 35.1%, accounting for 86% of the total export value. More than 80% of exports are from state-owned enterprises, while exports from private enterprises have doubled. In 2007, state-owned enterprises at Jiangsu ports exported ships of 2.25 billion US dollars, an increase of 32.1%, accounting for 82.4% of the total exports of ships at Jiangsu ports; In the same period, the export of private enterprises was US $200million, an increase of 3.3 times

according to analysis, the main reason for the rapid growth of Jiangsu port ship exports last year was the increase in international shipping demand. Affected by the growth of international trade, global shipping continues to prosper, freight rates soar, transport capacity in short supply, and the demand for large high-value ships such as motor container ships and refined oil tankers continues to grow. Secondly, the world shipbuilding industry shrank. In recent years, the shipbuilding industry in Europe has shown a gradual shrinking trend, while South Korea and Japan have gradually turned to high value-added shipbuilding, creating a good opportunity for the development of China's shipbuilding industry. Third, the advantages of China's shipbuilding industry have gradually emerged. Because the labor price of China's shipbuilding industry should be adjusted next, the sample location has a strong advantage over developed countries, and shipbuilding technology, industry infrastructure and other aspects are superior to other developing countries, attracting the transfer of global ship orders to China. In addition, the country's policy advantages of delaying the export of ships, reducing the export tax rebate rate and providing seller's credit have also promoted the export of domestic ships

industry insiders remind that although China's ship exports have increased rapidly in recent years, the existing problems still deserve attention

the small scale of shipbuilding enterprises and the poor supporting capacity of ships restrict the improvement of the overall level of China's shipbuilding industry. The standard requirements of the target experimental machine are relatively strict. Before that, there were many shipbuilding enterprises in China, but the average fluctuation range of the power supply voltage of each shipyard was no more than 10% of the rated voltage, and the output was less than 10000 DWT. The average scale was 1/4 of Japanese Enterprises and 1/20 of South Korea, and it was concentrated at the low level. At the same time, the product duplication among enterprises is prominent. The matching rate of domestic marine equipment is 40% on average. The production technology of marine supporting equipment is lower than the world average level. The marine automation equipment of exported ships basically depends on imports, which seriously restricts the improvement of the overall level of China's shipbuilding industry except for metal particles

the production cycle of ships is long, and the production cost of enterprises is under great pressure. Compared with European advanced shipbuilding enterprises, China's shipbuilding investment cycle is longer, generally it takes about 2 years from signing the contract to delivery, and the enterprise operation risk is greater. In the past two years, due to the rising price of domestic raw materials and the accelerated pace of RMB appreciation, the pressure of rising manufacturing costs of ship export enterprises has increased significantly. It is estimated that for every 1 percentage point appreciation of the RMB, the shipbuilding industry will lose about 2billion yuan

the export growth rate is too fast, and the risk of foreign anti-dumping and other trade barriers is increased. Due to the rapid growth of China's ship exports, in early April 2007, the European Union, the largest destination of China's ship exports, tracked and supervised 13 new ship contracts exported by China, claiming that "the transaction price of China's exported ships is 8% to 22.8% lower than the normal price calculated according to its cost model", and issued a warning to require China to slow down the export of ship products, otherwise anti-dumping measures may be taken

therefore, customs experts suggest that we should vigorously develop the ship supporting industry and improve the overall level of the ship industry; Guide the merger and reorganization of shipbuilding enterprises to make shipbuilding enterprise groups; Shipbuilding enterprises should fully consider the shipbuilding cycle and pay attention to avoiding exchange rate risks when signing contracts for ship construction export and major equipment import; At the same time, we should vigorously explore other international markets except Europe to reduce the risks caused by the high concentration of export markets

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